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YOUTH PRESS AGENCY
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The Youth Press Agency is an initiative of youth participation through the creative use of new and traditional tools of communication and information. In Italy it is promoted by Viração & Jangada in collaboration with the Cultural Association In Medias Res, Department of Development Cooperation of the Autonomous Province of Trento, Trentino Observatory on Climate,Consortium Communities of BIM Adige Province of Trento.
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​YOUTH PRESS AGENCY
 
The Youth Press Agency is an initiative of youth partecipation through the creative use of new and traditional tools of communication and information promoted by the association Viração&Jangada in collaboration with the association In Medias Res, associations of youth and schools.
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17/05/2018, 15:35



Young-Europeans-enquire,-discuss-and-commit-themselves-for-sustainable-societies-in-Lisbon


 Monde Pluriel and ASPEA co-organize the 3rd European Youth Conference "Let’s Take Care of the Planet" in Oeiras, Lisbon and Cascais from May 21st to May 25th, 2018.



Monde Pluriel and ASPEA co-organizethe 3rd European Youth Conference "Let’s Take Careof the Planet" in Oeiras,Lisbon and Cascais from May 21st to May 25th, 2018. 

81 young people from 10 European countries,representatives of thousands of young Europeans, will participate in intercultural and thematic workshops to "enquire, discuss, and commit themselves...forsustainable societies". Together, they will write a Letter of commitments, create posters and record a videomessage in order to communicate on their commitments. These collective responsibilitiesand creations will be designed considering the Sustainable Development Goals promoted by the United Nations for2030. Furthermore, the Conference will be attended by around 40 teachers and facilitators who will support the work done by the young delegates.

ON THE PROGRAMME: 

Well-being, Good Health and Air Quality, Water and Sanitation, Cleanenergy, Responsible production and consumption, Climate Change, Biodiversityand Natural Resources, Solidarity and Citizenship.  

  • Intercultural workshops and games 
  • Thematic workshops to define responsibilities andcommitments 
  • Collective production workshops 
  • Dialogue with elected European representatives andexperts on climate change

A team of young delegates, each one coming from a different European country, will join the team of the Youth Press Agency to report day-by-day the European Conference. 

Follow us on this website, on our Facebook page and on the website of the Conference: https://europeanconference.wixsite.com/ltcp
08/05/2018, 16:52

wellbeing, happinex, International Forum for Wellbeing, Grenoble



Rethinking-the-model-of-our-society:-toward-the-economy-of-happiness


 Only few countries in the world have introduced indicators to measure the so-called "Happiness Index". On the matter, Grenoble (France) will host the first International Forum for Wellbeing from 6th to 8th June 2018.



Happiness,life satisfaction, social relationships with the family, colleagues, friendsand neighbors, as well as with the trust in public institutions are crucialfactors the for the happiness and wellbeing of every citizen and thus of thesociety in which we live. Currently, only few countries in the world haveintroduced indicators to measure them. There is still a lot to do on this fieldand the International Forum for Wellbeingin Grenoble (France) from 6th to 8th June is going tobe an important meeting where institutions, government, NGOs and citizens willdiscuss how to tackle this challenge.


The need torethink the model of our society is an evidence, but the question is tounderstand where this transition should start from. Countries such as Bhutan measure prosperity by gaugingits citizens’ happiness levels, not only the GDP. Since 1971, the country has rejectedGDP as the only way to measure progress. Indeed, the country’s development ismeasured through formal indicators of gross national happiness (GNH) as well asthe spiritual, physical, social and environmental health of its citizens and thenatural environment.

Why is it so importantfor public institutions to go beyond GDP and thus to understand and measureother dimensions of people’s life?


Inthis graph, GDP and happiness in the US is measured in a range of period from 1946to 1996. More precisely, it shows the happinessparadox: to the increasing rate of GDP corresponds a decreasing rate of thelevel of happiness. The lines show that the economic wealth of the Americans isnot the only one dimension making their life happier. In fact, we, as humanbeing, need many other things that define our human well-being like lifeexpectancy and, besides others, social connections both in the private andpublic life.

Theexample of the US brings to the public institutions’ attention a crucial pointwhich has to do with the negative social and environmental externalities thatthe same economic growth has produced until now. If we take a closer look atChina, the country ranks as second, only after the US in terms of GDP growth.On the contrary, if we look at the human development index (HDI), a measurewhich assesses progress according to three basic dimensions of humandevelopment (long and healthy life, access to knowledge and decent standard ofliving), China is positioned at the 90th place up to 188 nations.

Asecond example is Australia, which is 13th in terms of GDP, while interms of HDI it ranks 2nd worldwide. Italy ranks 19th inthe HDI with a GDP growth at the place number 9. France is 5th interms of GDP growth, while it is 21st in terms of HDI.

Thoseexamples show a clear gap between the quantitativeand the qualitative side of the economic growth. Even if over the past 25years human development has been impressive on many fronts, the phenomenon hasnot been universal. It seems indeed that there are imbalances across countriesregarding  socioeconomic, ethnical,  racial and other reasons. Millions of peopleare unable to reach their full potential in life because they sufferdeprivations in multiple dimensions of human development.

Eventually,if rethinking our society is going to be the priority for the current andfuture international political agenda, it is then important to redefine the wayin which progress and success are defined. Because it is how we describesuccess that affect what we strive for. In other words, if governments thinkthat GDP is the success, then people will strive for it.

Today is thetime to move towards the economy ofhappiness. It assumes that the quality of life is linked not only to theeconomic wellbeing, but also to the social determinants in which people areborn, live, learn, work and play. Humans are social animals and their nature isto give and receive love from others. People are happier when they feel a senseof belonging to their society. If those elements were taken into account in thedesign and evaluation of public policies, we would achieve a more socially andenvironmentally sustainable society. The International Forum for Wellbeing in Grenoble is going to say much in this regard. 

Elena Rusci
20/11/2017, 16:07

conclusion, cop23



Advancing,-but-slowly,-on-the-Paris-Agreement-


 The curtain closes on the Bonn Climate Change Conference (also known as COP23), held in Bonn from 6 to November 2017 under the Presidency of the Fiji Islands.



The curtain closes on the Bonn Climate Change Conference (also known as COP23), held in Bonn from 6 to November 2017 under the Presidency of the Fiji Islands. No definitive outcome was expected from this negotiation round. Its success was instead to be judged against the capacity to substantially progress on the guidelines to operationalise the Paris Agreement, which need to be adopted by 2018. And this was no easy task,considering that the so called "Rulebook" will importantly need to specify the way national efforts in terms of mitigation, adaptation, and support will be reported and reviewed.


Generally speaking, this "transition COP" managed to live up to expectations. Many expressed satisfaction for the way negotiations were conducted, allowing to move the Rulebook from a conceptual to a more technical level. An approach to the "Facilitative Dialogue" was also approved, so to guide Parties in understanding how to rump up the ambition of national pledges in time for COP24. The approach is based on "Talanoa", a Fijian concept stressing the importance of sharing stories, building emphasis and making wise decision for the common good. The Fijian Presidency pushed for including considerations on pre-2020 ambition in the Facilitative Dialogue, as a way to meet the concerns of most vulnerable countries for the lack of a second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol. A main point of discussion concerned how to balance the need for pre-2020 ambition with the necessary focus that the Facilitative Dialogue should have on the period after 2020 when the Paris Agreement will be operational.


Another point of contention was represented, not surprisingly, by finance-related issues. And in particular Article 9.5 of the Paris Agreement, that mandates developed countries to biennially communicate the amount of financial support provided to developing countries for their adaptation and mitigation actions. The main issue here was understanding how long term  public finance commitments will need to be determined.

Beyond the necessary steps towards the operationalization of the Paris Agreement, COP23 was characterised by a strong focus on building the resilience of most vulnerable societies. And this is not surprising considering that Fiji is among the most most exposed areas to the impacts of climate change on earth. A number of initiatives were launched at COP, including the Global InsuResilence Partnership that aims at developing the capacity of the poorest to access affordable insurance products to cope with extreme events such as cyclones or floods. The goal is to reach 400 million people by 2020 through a partnership between the G20 countries and the 49 most vulnerable nations.

And what about civil society? This COP was somehow different from all the others. From the first time in history, and because of logistic issue, the space traditionally devoted to NGOS (the so-called observers) was separated from that of formal negotiations. This fact made interaction between the two worlds difficult, but also had the effect to strongly highlight the energy and proactive attitude of non-state actors compared to the slowness of formal negotiations. This determination that was expressed in particular by the civil society and sub-national entities of the United States, as a way to counterbalance Trump’s willingness to withdrawal from the Paris Agreement. An example among many is the U.S. Climate Alliance, a bi-partisan coalition born in June 2017 and composed of 15 US governors that committed to implement the emissions reduction targets pledged by the US in Paris.

Yet, there is still a long way to go. It is now clear that emissions reduction pledges will not be sufficient to keep global temperature increase within 2°C and the risk of exceeding this threshold considerably worries the scientific world. By 2020, the ambition of national pledges needs to be ramped up. The time available is really short and even if this COP has sent out encouraging signals, it is crucial to act quickly in the upcoming, decisive years.

Elisa Calliari e Roberto Barbiero



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